Visitors at Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum [Photo/Xi'an Daily]
The Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of Cultural Heritage recently announced a number of important archaeological achievements, such as the No 1 Pit of the Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum housing Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the site of Qingpingbu.
From 2009 to 2022, the museum conducted the third excavation of the No 1 Pit, with an excavation area of about 430 square meters.
More than 1,000 pieces of cultural relics were newly unearthed from the pit, including more than 220 pottery figurines and 16 pottery horses, as well as chariots, weapons, and production tools.
The arrangement of the military array has been clarified, as has the production procedure of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses.
"The excavation has provided a lot of new and valuable materials for the study of the terracotta warriors and history of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC)," said an expert.
The site of Qingpingbu is located in Dongmengou village, Yangqiaopan town, Jingbian county of Shaanxi province. It was one of the 36 forts on the Great Wall of Yansui town in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Experts believe that Qingpingbu is a place where ethnic groups and cultures on both sides of the Great Wall collided, interacted and merged, and helped to promote and preserve Chinese civilization.