Lantian County

Geological Location: Lantian County is located at the north foot of the Qinling Mountain, and the southeast part of the Guanzhong Plain. Being the suburban county of Xi’an, Lantian was in ancient times on the thoroughfare between the Qin and Chu kingdoms, and is one of the thoroughfares of central Shaanxi to the southeastern provinces. Lantian has an advantageous regional location, very convenient transportation and is within the half-hour metropolitan living circle of Xi’an. The direct distance from the county to the urban area of Shaanxi is only 22 kilometers. 

Administrative division: the county has under its jurisdiction 22 townships, 9 community neighborhood committees and 519 village committees.

Population & dimension: the population of the county totals 647,400 (agricultural population is 588,400) of 183, 083 households. The total area covers 1,969 square kilometers, accounting for 19.7% of the total dimension of Xi’an, with a planned urban area of 10.9 square kilometers.

History & culture: Lantian has a long history, and is one of the birthplace of the ancestors of human beings, and it is also one of the earliest cradles of the Chinese civilization. The world famous Lantian Jade is among the “top four famous jades” of China. According to Rites of Zhou, “Lan (Blue) is the color of beautiful jades”, hence the county name Lantian. In ancient times it belonged to the capital area, and the county was first established in the 23rd year (379 BC) of the reign of King Anwang of the Zhou Dynasty, and it has a history of over 2,300 years by now.

Natural landscape: Lantian is endowed with beautiful natural sceneries, and is one of the major tourism area in north foot Qinling tourism belt to the southwest of Xi’an. The county abounds in tourism resources, where the mountains are gorgeous and the waters beautiful, the plains elegant and the ranges stretching wide, and with the splendid natural sceneries there are a large number of cultural and natural scenic spots, including the world famous Lantian Ape Man ruins at Gongwangling, Shuilu’an Temple which bears the name of “the second Dunhuang” with its treasure of wall sculptures, and Wuzhen Temple, which is the holy land of the Buddhist Pure Land Sect and the temple was built during the Sui and Tang dynasties, the tomb of Cai Wenji, a talented woman of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the underground magic palace of Wangchuan Carst Cave, the villa ruins of Wang Wei the Tang poet, the attractive Tangquan Lake, and Wangshun Mountain National Forest Park which not only bears the precipitous features of Mount Huashan, it also has the charms of Mount Huangshan.

Mineral resources: Lantian abounds in mineral resources, and is famed far and near as “the home of beautiful jades”. 38 minerals were found in the county, of which 17 are metals including gold, silver, lead, and molybdenum, and over 20 different non-metal ores including granite, marble, kaolin clay and limestone, etc. Lantian Jade is ranked one of the “top 4 beautiful jades” of China, and is listed into the first place of origin protection jade product. There are 17 proved mineral springs and 5 geotherm spots, Tangyu hot spring has been explored from the Tang Dynasty until today, and all of these spots have been widely explored.