Gaoling District
Published:2015-01-14
 

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Covering a total area of 294 square kilometers and with a population of 333,500, Gaoling District has under its jurisdiction 5 townships, 3 street offices, 2 administration committees and 88 village committees.

Located in the central part of Guanzhong Plain of Shaanxi Province, Gaoling District is 20 kilometers to either the Bell Tower of Xi’an or Xianyang International Airport, and 7 kilometers to the new administration center of the city. With Xi’an-Tongchuan and Xi’an-Yumenkou expressways running from the north to the south through the region, the totally flat district is a piece of promising land for investment. 

Stretching 20.55 kilometers from the south to the north, and 20.1 kilometers from the east to the west, the district is usually called “the cabbage core” of the Guanzhong Plain. It got the name after Fengzhengyuan highland in the area, where the highland is called Ling (hill-like high ground), hence the name Gaoling. Gaoling is a piece of flat land, and has always been part of the capital area of the ancient capital Chang’an during the 13 dynasties. The terrain is slightly sloping down from the northwest to the southeast, and the elevation is 357 – 414 meters above sea level. The highest point is at Liangcunyuan in Jingwei Township, and the lowest is at Jiatan of Hanjiacun in Zhangbu Township. From the west to the east the Weihe River runs through the south of the county, zigzagging over 20 kilometers, that’s why in ancient times the region was advantageous in river transportation. From the northwest to the southeast the Jinghe River runs into the Weihe River at the northeast of Jingweibu in Jingwei Township, extending 13 kilometers within the county. For a period of over 2,000 years, the region has been benefited from the irrigation of the two rivers, and the waters of the two rivers cut the area naturally into three parts, namely, the north part to the Jinghe and the Weihe rivers, the triangular area between the rivers and the south part to the Weihe River. 

Ancient cultural relic sites such as Zhaohui Pagoda of the Tang Dynasty, the stone tablet of Li Sheng and the ruins of Dongwei Bridge are scattered in the county. Established in the 12th year (350 BC) of Emperor Xiaogong’s reign of the Qin Dynasty, Gaoling is one of the earliest counties ever established in history of the country. 


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