Chang’an District


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Located in the central part of Guanzhong Plain, Chang’an District encloses Xi’an from the 3 directions of the east, the south and the west. It connects with Ningshaan County and Zhashui County in the south, neighbors Huxian County in the west, and borders Lantian County in the east. Stretching 55 kilometers from the south to the north, and 52 kilometers from the east to the west, the district covers an overall area of 1,580 square kilometers. Within its jurisdiction there are different land forms including the mountain, the plain and the highland, 15 rivers including the Chanhe, the Juehe, the Fenghe and the Haohe Rivers run through the region, and the district abounds in water, mineral and wild fauna and flora resources. 

Chang’an has a long history. It has been over 2,200 years since it was first established as a country in the fifth year of Emperor Gaozu’s reign in the Western Han Dynasty, and it served as the capital area of 13 dynasties including the Zhou, the Qin, the Han and the Tang. In September 2002, Chang’an District replaced Chang’an County, now under its jurisdiction there are 8 townships, 17 street offices, a total of 671 administrative villages, 24 neighborhood committees, and the total population is 1,013,600. Within the district there are 1,288 minority inhabitants from 29 minority groups.

Chang’an District abounds in cultural deposits, and the area is rich in historical sites. There are 6 historical and cultural sites protected at the national level, 7 at the provincial level and 20 at the district/county level. In the district you can find the Neolithic site in Keshengzhuang village, the platform where Cangjie invented Chinese characters, Fenghao Wenstern Zhou Chariot and Horses Pit, site of Qin Dynasty Epang Palace, Duling Mausoleum of the Han Dynasty, and the ancient gallery road in Ziwu Township. In the district there is a long history of the ancestral temple culture, with the Xingjiao Temple, the Huayan Temple, the Xiangji Temple and the Jingye Temple as the most representative ancestral temples. The north foot of the hundred-kilometer long Qinling Mountain is covered with thriving plants, and serves as the important water source conservation area as well as the ecological screen for Xi’an, and such natural sceneries as Nan Wutai, Cuihua Mountain, Jiawutai, and Qinghua Mountain each with their unique beauties, and thus win the title of “backyard garden” of Xi’an.     

In recent years, taking advantages of historical development, Chang’an District has carried out successively a series of significant measures, including the strategy of “one belt and nine parks”, the strategy of major project driven development and the New Chang’an Development strategy, as a result, the district has undergone rapid social economic development. Especially after replacing the district with the county, under the guidance of the overall mentality of building the district into a strong district in the four aspects of economy, ecology, culture, and science and technology, and driven by the vigorous development of the “two areas four sectors and two bases”, the district has entered a fast lane of rapid, scientific social economic development, and for a consecutive three years won the title of one of the “top ten districts/counties in social economic development in Shaanxi Province”.