Xincheng District
Published:2014-11-26
 

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The urban area of Xincheng District is with a long history, and as far as the Western Zhou, the Qin and the Han dynasties, its served as the prosperous capital area; and during the Tang Dynasty, Daming Palace within the area of Xincheng District was the grandest and most spectacular royal palace of the time in the world, and it was also the political and cultural center during the reign of the Tang Dynasty for more than 200 years. 

Xincheng was originally called “King City”, and is the site for the residence of Qinwang Zhu Shuang, the second son of the founding emperor Zhu Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty. It was at that time a luxurious palace, hence the name King City. At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, it served as the garrison of the Eight Banners Troops and thus got the name “Mancheng”(Manchu City), later after the Revolution of 1911, Shaanxi Provincial Government of People’s China moved into the place, and from then on the name was changed into Xincheng and used until today.

The present day Xincheng District is located in the northeast part of urban Xi’an, with Longhai Railroad running across the district from the east to the west. The Ming Dynasty City Wall divides the district into two parts as the inner city and the outer city, in the east it borders Baqiao District along the railroad, in the south it is next to Beilin and Yanta Districts along Yongle Road of the East Street and Jiangong Road, in the west it connects to Lianhu District along the North Street, and in the north it borders Weiyang District. Being one of the three central urban districts of Xi’an, and covering an area of 31 square kilometers, the district has under its jurisdiction 9 street offices and 105 communities. 

Xincheng District has convenient transportation, advanced telecommunication and an advantageous geological location. In the north it connects with Xi’an-Tongchuan Expressway, leading directly to Yan’an the holy land for revolution; in the east it joins Xi’an-Tongguan Expressway, leading directly to the world famous Qinshihuang Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses Museum. Within its administration area there are Xi’an Railway Station and Xi’an Long-Distance Bus Station of Shaanxi Province, serving as the “big stateroom” to welcome guests both home and abroad as well as the land port for going into and out of Xi’an.   

Xincheng District is with a long history as well as abundant cultural deposits, and it is prominent in its political status. As far as the period of the Western Zhou, the Qin, and the Han dynasties, it served as the capital area. During the Tang Dynasty, the Daming Palace in the area was the place where the emperor held court meetings, promulgated royal orders, chair ceremonies and commended the whole country. During the dynasties of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing, it served as the administrative commending center where the rulers kept control of Shaanxi and even northwest China. More than 70 years ago, in the “yellow building” of the area, the generals of Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng launched Xi’an Military Coup that shocked the whole world, which promoted the establishment of the Anti-Japanese National United Front. “Qixianzhuang” in the region was the place where the old-generation of proletarian revolutionaries including Zhou Enlai, Dong Biwu and Ye Jianying, etcl worked here for many sleepless nights, and they fought unswervingly for the founding of a democratic and united new China and they had achieved immortal feats. “Xincheng” can help us recall the history as well as cherish the memories of the pioneer revolutionaries. At present, it serves as the government location of Shaanxi Provincial People’s Government. The District has always been called “threshold to the ancient city”. 


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