Lianhu District


Located in the northwest of the urban area of Xi’an, Lianhu District is one of the major urban districts of the city. The total area of the district is 43 square kilometers, and the permanent residents are 704,300, with a public security registered inhabitants of 650,971. Serving not only as the important portal for travelling from Xi’an either along Xi’an-Lanzhou Highway or along the Longhai Railway all the way through the hinterland of the vast northwestern China to West Asian countries, it is also a key hub for the exchange and interplay of the people, information, material and resources between east and west China. The district is not only the important equipment manufacturing base of Xi’an as well as the largest material collecting and distributing center in the northwestern region, it also serves as the immerging business, commerce and trade area as well as cultural tourism area, and it has become the most promising investment and development area in the construction of the priority block of Central Shaanxi within the metropolitan area of Xi’an.  

Lianhu District is strong in religious cultures, with the five religious cultures of Buddhism, Islam, Taoism, the Catholic Church and Tibetan Buddhism competing with their own brilliances, and they each have their own typical buildings with unique features. The Great Mosque at Huajue Lane is the fruitful result of the integration of Islamic culture with Chinese culture, is by far one of the most peculiar, most intact and most typical Chinese-style mosques in the country, which is referred to as the only Chinese-style Islamic Mosque in the world. Guangren Temple is a famous Lama temple built with the approval and at the imperial edict of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, and it is the only Tibetan Buddhist Temple in Xi’an region. Duchenghuang Temple was originally built in the 20th year of Emperor Hongwu (AD 1387) of the Ming Dynasty, is one of the two Taoist temples in urban Xi’an. The Taoist Chenghuang Drum Music as the important historical and cultural remains of Duchenghuang Temple has won the honors of “the living fossil of ancient Chinese music” and “ancient symphony of Xi’an”. As a famous ancient Buddhist temple, Xiwutai was an imitation of Nanwutai temple, and served as a worship place built by Emperor Li Shimin of the Tang Dynasty for his mother who was very pious in Buddhism. The South Catholic Church is an integration of Chinese and Western architectures, originally built in AD 1716, the church is with the features of Roman churches, and with a capacity of holding 500 prayers, it is the largest Catholic church with the longest history in Xi’an City.   

In an area of 2.4 square kilometers within the Ming Dynasty City Wall in urban Lianhu District, more than 30,000 Hui Nationalities live here. In the historical Huifang (Hui Bazaar) street quarter, there are until today some 39 ancient steet and lanes as well as ancient sites survived from the Sui and Tang Dynasties. There are also 21 ancient buildings such as religious mosques, imperial gardens and historical civil buildings. Beiyuanmen Ethnic Culture and Custom Street is the most intact historical street in Xi’an City which is the richest in historical and cultural resources, the historical and cultural walkway to be completed soon fully displays the tourism features of Lianhu District of “approaching history, understanding culture and experiencing the life”. At present, Huifang historical street area has become an excellent scene in the tourism culinary culture of Xi’an, and thus is honored as “the best of local flavors and snacks is in Lianhu District”. 

Lianhu District is with abundant historical and cultural deposits as well as rich culture connotation, and according to statistics, within the district there are 125 sites or pieces of ancient buildings, tombs, stone carvings and some other ancient cultural relics leaving behind from the 13 dynasties including Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang.