Dortmund City of Germany


Located in the Ruhr Region of Nordrhein-Westfalen in Western Germany, Dortmund is the eighth biggest city in Germany with an area of 280 square kilometers. The population of the city is 58 0,000. The winter in Dortmund is warm and the summer here is cool. The annual average temperature of the city is 9-10℃.

In the year of 1220, Dortmund became a city under the Free Empire, which was directly under the jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire. During 13th and 14th centuries, it became one of the important members of Hanseatic League. In the mid 19th century, the agricultural city was transformed into an industrial center.  Mining started to appear. The coal and steel industry developed rapidly. During WWII, 65% of the city was destroyed. In the 1960s, crisis emerged in the coal and steel industries. In the 1980s, the last coal mine was closed. After the 1990s, the city that was famous for coal mines. steel and beer industries gradually developed into the center of services and business industry in Westfalen. In recent years, information technology, software development、Micro-nanotechnology、biological medicine、robot technology、media and communication technology、logistics management and insurance have become the main industries at Dortmund. The city is strong in science and technology, and there are Dortmund University and Fachhochschule Dortmund as well as 30 scientific research institutions in the city.

The railways and highways at Dortmund lead to every place in Europe. The best transportation made Dortmund the center of Eastern Ruhr Region. It only takes one hour to reach important economic centers of Europe from Dortmund by air. In addition, the canal port also makes water transportation quite convenient.

There are many sports facilities at Dortmund. The Westfalen Sports Stadium is able to accommodate nearly 70,000 spectators. It is the home ground of Dortmund Soccer Club, the time-honored famous soccer team of Germany.

The famous historical buildings include Lai Knoll Mega Church、Marion Church and St. Peter Church. Dortmund is a city of museums with 14 different museums in various styles. There are also opera houses、drama theaters、children and youth theaters and a symphony orchestra at Dortmund.

Dortmund has adopted the parliamentary system. The current session of Parliament was elected in 2009 with a total of 96 seats. The main parties and leagues include the Social Democratic Party, the Christian Democratic Union, the Green Party, the Liberal Democrats and so on.

Dortmund established sister-city relationship with Xi’an on July 22, 1992.


[Source:Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Xi’an City]