Kathmandu City of Nepal


Located in the Kathmandu Valley in the central region of Nepal, Kathmandu City is not only the capital of the country as well as the political, administrative, business and education center,but it is also the only city in Nepal with more than a million people. The population of the city is 1.0067 million and the area covers 50.67 square kilometers. Being in the sub-tropical climate zone, Kathmandu City has an annual average temperature of about 20℃. With its pleasant climate and year-round sunshine, it has won itself the fame of being “the paradise in the mountains”.  

First built in 723 AD, Kathmandu is the renowned historical and cultural city and international tourist destination in Nepal. Within the city there are over 2,700 temples of various sizes, hence the name “a city of temples”. In the city center of 7 square kilometers there are over 250 temples, prayer halls and Buddhist scripture towers. The temples are as many as local residential houses and the Buddha statues are as many as the local residents. There are varieties of cultural relics and many scenery spots and historical sites, such as the old palace Hanuman Dhoka, the Central Government Building, the Lion Palace, the Memorial Tower for the martyrs, Temple, Pashupati nath, Thamel, and Swayambhu Nath, etc. In 1980, it was listed as one of the 18 ancient cities of key protection in Asia by UNESCO. Quite a number of foreign tourists are attracted here every year by its mysterious religion, long history, splendid culture and tradition, excellent handicrafts, extraordinary mountainous scenery, shining icebergs and snow peaks as well as its pure and simple folk customs.  

Kathmandu is the important transportation hub in Nepal boasting the only international airport in the country. Tribhuvan is the first highway connecting Kathmandu with the outside world, and it is also connected with Lhasa of China by China-Nepal Highway.

Agriculture takes up a leading role in the economy, and Kathmandu is the important distribution center for domestic animals. The city is famous for its carpet making and leather processing handicraft industries.

Tribhuvan University at the south suburb of Kathmandu is the largest in Nepal, and Kathmandu University at the suburb is the second largest and the second oldest university in Nepal.

The municipal government of Kathmandu is a non-centralized government organized by local autonomous regulations. The mayor and vice mayors are appointed by the central government while the rest are elected to their positions.

Kathmandu established sister-city relationship with Xi’an on September 12, 1996. In addition to Xi’an, it also established sister-city relations with Lhasa of China, Matsumoto of Japan, Yangon of Myanmar, Rochester and Eugene of the USA, Pyongyang of North Korea and Minsk of Belarus.  


[Source:Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Xi’an City]