Iasi City of Romania


Located in the northeastern part of Romania, Iasi City is the political, economic and cultural center of the Moldavia Area in Romania. With a population of 380,000 and an area of 38 square kilometers, it is the third largest city as well as the capital of Iasi County. Being in a continental climate zone, Iasi’s temperature changes sharply, and within the year the highest is 35℃ while the lowest is -30℃.  

The history of Iasi can be traced back to the latter half of the 14th century. In 1564, Emperor Alexander established his capital in Iasi and from then on the city became the major residential area for the royal family. Before 1862 it had always been the capital of the Moldavia Dynasty.

Romania achieved its 3 unifications respectively in 1600, 1859 and 1918, and Iasi was forever engraved in history as the source area of all three unifications. Even after the capital was moved to Bucharest in 1862, Iasi was still the most important city next to the capital.

With the second largest industrial base in Romania, and its advantageous geological position, abundant and cheap natural resources and raw materials as well as its convenient public facilities, Iasi is the commercial, trade and industrial base of Romania. Its major industries include food, beverage, electricity, textile, metallurgy, forestry, furniture, construction, electronics and machinery manufacturing. Agriculture is the second economic pillar in Iasi County, its vineyards and grape products are famous all over the globe and many species of the local grapes have won international gold medals. They are transported to all parts of the world with competitive prices.

Iasi is thought as the most important cultural center in Romania. As early as the 17th century, Iasi had its ancient research institute, its Slavic and Greek Languages Institute, and its first publication. The first university and the first engineering college were both established in Iasi. Nowadays, there are altogether 7 universities, 4 private universities, 50,000 on-campus students and a staff of 4,000. As the spiritual and cultural center of Romania, Iasi has been left with lots of historical sites of science institutes, churches, monasteries and literary institutes, of which the most famous are the Cultural Palace, the Three-Level Monastery, Goliath Monastery and the Metropolitan Cathedral.

Iasi is also one of the most important science centers. There are a number of scientific and technological development centers in Iasi, which is composed of 30 higher learning institutes, laboratories, and the branch institutes of such scientific and technological institutes as The Romanian Academy of Sciences. There are 13 technology transfer institutions in Iasi, which makes it the second largest technology transfer center in Romania.

In terms of the number of newspapers, television and broadcasting stations for every 1,000 people, Iasi has the most advanced public media. With its 3 local TV stations, 7 private TV stations, 4 telecommunication companies and the transmission permits for 28 satellite channels, the signals cover 90% of the Iasi region.

Iasi is advantageous in its convenient transportation with a network composed of electric railways, expressways and national highways. Iasi International Airport directly connects to Bucharest, Constantsa and Allard.  

The Mayor and two vice mayors are responsible for the City Hall of Iasi, who specifically carries out administrative affairs. Local parliament is responsible for legislative affairs and is composed of 9 committees with 31 elected mps. The city call carries out the decisions of the local parliament. Nicita is now Mayor of Iasi.

Iasi established sister-city relationship with Xi’an on December 6, 1994.


[Source:Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Xi’an City]