Esfahan City of Iran


As the capital city of Esfahan Province and the second largest city in Iran, Esfahan is situated at the edge of the central basin 427 kilometers to the south of Teheran, the Capital of Iran. The city is 1,590 meters above sea level, with a population of 2 million in an area of 250 square kilometers. The major religion in the city is Islam.

With its splendid history, Esfahan was prosperous in business, and served as an important center for the south section of the Silk Road. It connected businesses from both the east and the west and was once the most prosperous place in the world, which is the source of the Iranian proverb “Esfahan equals half of the country”, and from the proverb we could see the grandeur and prosperity of Esfahan in history and its far reaching influence on the rest of the world.            

For a long time Esfahan has served as the center of light industries, of which textile industry ranks first in the country, including cotton and wool textile, silk textile, as well as dried fruits, papermaking, oil manufacture, match and other factories. It is famous for handicrafts, including silverware, bronzeware, pottery, carpet, etc. Heavy industry has also been developed here, including the first iron and steel works of Iran, as well as oil chemical engineering, oil refinery, cement factory and armories. The major nuclear facilities of Iran are also built here.

Esfahan is abundant in cultural resources, and is a famous tourist destination. It is known as the encyclopedia both of Iran and of the Islamic art and architecture. Within the area we can find lots famous scenery spots and historical sites as well as representative buildings, such as Imam Square, Jomban, The 40 Column Palace, Friday Ancient Mosque, Ali Qapu Palace, Bridge of 33 Arches, etc. The city is also the education center of Iran, with some famous Iranian universities such as Isfahan University and Isfahan University of Science and Engineering. In addition, it is also the birthplace for many great theologians, artists, poets and scientists, and these great philosophers and poets from Esfaha had made tremendous contributions to the development of Islamic civilization.


The Governor has the highest power in Esfahan City. After the establishment of the municipal parliament, it is the parliament that appoints mayor of the city and decides on the administrative structure of the city. The municipal parliament creates the regulations and the mayor is responsible for carrying them out.

Esfahan established sister-city relationship with Xi’an on May 6, 1989.

[Source:Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Xi’an City]