Nara City of Japan


Located in Central Japan and in the north of Nara Prefecture, Nara City is the capital city of the prefecture. It was once the political and cultural centers of the country as well as the spiritual home for all Japanese. With a population of 366,500, the city covers an area of 276.84 square kilometers.

It takes 1.5 hours to travel to Osaka Kansai International Airport by bus or by trolley from Nara, and about 30 minutes to Osaka and Kyoto. It takes about 3 hours to travel to Tokyo by Shinkansen. The city has now developed into the residential city for the regions of Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe, as a result, its population has risen sharply.  

Industrial population occupies a dominant position in the population composition of Nara City, they are: the primary sectors, including agriculture, forestry and fishery, take up 1.8% of the economy, the secondary industry of mining, construction and manufacturing accounts for 24.48%, while the tertiary industry occupies 71.85%. Agriculture in Nara is typically in suburban farming patterns.    

As the renowned historical and cultural city as well as international tourist destination in Japan, Nara annually receives about 12.96 million tourists, of which 189,000 are foreigners. Some of the representative world heritages include Todai-ji Temple, Kokufu-ji Temple, Kasuga Shrine, Kasugayama Primeval Forest, Gango-ji Temple, Yakushi-ji Temple, Toshodai-ji Temple and Nara Palace Ruins. Representative craft products range from lacquer wares, gagaku masks, paper fans, potteries, tiles, Ittobories, Nara bleached cloth, brushes, inks and deer horn art wares, etc.  

The institutes of higher learning in Nara City include Nara National Women’s University, Nara Educational University, Nara Prefectural Public Business University, the private-funded Tezukayama University, Nara University and three other privately -funded short-term universities.

The city tree of Nara is robur (a type of oak), the city flower is yeazakura, and the city bird is solidago.

On February 1, 1974, Nara and Xi’an established sister-city relationship.


[Source:Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Xi’an City]