With distinct advantages in its geographic location, the transport system of Xi'an is quite advanced. Situated in the middle of the territory of China and at the joint section of the middle and western economic regions, Xi'an is a transportation hub and the door of northwest China to southwest China, the Central Plain, east China and north China. According to the national outline of regional economic development, Xi'an is the largest central city in the Chinese section of the new Eurasia Land Bridge along the economic belt of the Lianyungang-Lanzhou and Lanzhou-Alashankou Railways. As the bridgehead to carry out the national strategy for the rapid development of western China, Xi'an is the strategic area in connecting eastern China with western China and linking southern China with northern China. Xi'an is one of the major transportation hubs in China with a cross-shaped south-north railway transport network and Shaanxi asterisk-shaped railway transport system. It is also one of the largest nodal cities in Chinese arterial highway network, one of the six largest airports and one of six telecommunications hubs. So, the features of Xi'an as a hub city are very clear. In 2012, Xi'an had a railway passenger transportation volume of 29.187 million person-trips, an increase of 1.8 percent over the previous year with a railway cargo transportation volume of 8.2485 million tons, an increase of 0.2 percent over the previous year. The city had a highway passenger transportation capacity of 309 million person-trips, an increase of 5.2 percent over the previous year, with a highway cargo transportation capacity of 440.820 million tons, an increase of 14.8 percent over the previous year. Xi'an had a civil aviation passenger transportation volume of 23.4209 million person-trips, an increase of 10.7 percent over the previous year, with a civil aviation cargo throughput of 174.8 thousand tons, an increase of 1.3 percent over the previous year.
In recent years, Xi'an has been carrying out the project of alleviating urban traffic jams. At the end of 2012, there has been 243 routes and 7685 service vehicles for public transportation, with a completed passenger transportation volume of 1.745 billion person-trips and the construction of its subways made great progress. On Sept. 16, 2011, the Second Line of Xi'an Metro was put into operation, with an average daily passenger transportation volume of 180 thousand person-trips, which was the highest recorded of the first metro service lines in China in their early operation days. In 2013, the First Line of Xi'an Metro was put into service, the Third Line was under construction, and the construction of the Fourth Line was initiated. The overpass at the Eastern Gate was completed and put into service. Xi'an has finished the reconstruction of 45 roads and branches, 55 road sections and crossroads and 55 bus stops as scheduled. The city has established new public parking places which can accommodate 10,863 vehicles, and has put 224 new buses and 8,865 public bicycles into service. The eastern transportation hub has been put into operation and several major transportation projects are under construction, including the Xi'an-Xianyang North Ring Road and the reconstruction and expansion of the Xi'an-Lintong Expressway.