Lianhu district is one of the major urban districts in the city. The total area is 43 square kilometers, and there are about 710,000 permanent residents.
Lianhu district is rich in religious cultures, consisting of five religions, namely Buddhism, Islam, Taoism, the Catholic Church and Tibetan Buddhism competing with their own brilliances, while each of them have their own typical buildings with unique features. The district also has abundant historical and cultural deposits as well as rich culture connotation. It is celebrated with a total number of 76 sites of heritage architecture. Meanwhile the Hui Muslim Quarter and the halal snack food have become a byword for the culinary culture of Xi’an, applauded as “the best of local flavors and snacks is in the Lianhu district”.
The district plays a key role in Xi'an's transformative development. In it there are more than 200 state, provincial and municipal industrial enterprises. At this stage, it is vigorously developing the service industry, new industries, and new business forms, namely the five pillar industries (commerce and trade services, cultural tourism, high-tech and modern industry, modern financial services, and industrial real estate) and four economic forms (headquarters economy, commercial real estate economy, block economy, and maker economy).
Lianhu district is a pilot area for developing the commerce and trade services. Since ancient times, it has been a major commerce and trade district, with nationally renowned business streets such as the West Street and the North Street. In 2017, the newly opened Laochenggen Gpark Business Street was awarded as China's first “Belt and Road” commercial culture street with international characteristics.
Lianhu district has achieved steady growth in terms of gross value of production, and it is the only district in Shaanxi province that has been selected as one of the “Top Five Economic and Social Development Districts in Shaanxi Province” for ten consecutive years.
The present day Xincheng district is located in the northeast part of urban Xi’an, with Lanzhou-Lianyungang Railroad running across the district from the east to the west. The Ming Dynasty city wall divides the district into two parts as the inner city and the outer city. The district covers an area of 31.2 square kilometers.
Xincheng district has convenient transportation, advanced telecommunication and an advantageous geological location. In the north it’s connected with Xi’an-Tongchuan Expressway, leading directly to Yan’an the holy land for Chinese communist revolution; in the east it joins Xi’an-Tongguan Expressway, leading directly to the world famous Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Emperor Shihuang of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). Within its administration area there are Xi’an Railway Station and Xi’an Long-Distance Bus Station of Shaanxi Province, serving as the “big stateroom” to welcome guests from both home and abroad as well as the land port for going into and out of Xi’an. The district has always been called “threshold to the ancient city”.
Xincheng is an important administrative center of the province and is the seat of the provincial government. There are Metro Line 1 and Line 2 stretch across the district, while Metro Lines 3, 4 and 5 running in the north-south direction are under construction. Xincheng has solid business basis. As the most important commerce and trade center and resource element collection and distribution center in northwestern China, it has modern commercial complexes such as Minsheng and Wanda, star-rated hotels including Sofitel Xi'an on Renmin Square and Wanda Hilton, more than 80 professional markets such as the light industry wholesale market and the North-west Mart, and famous business districts including the Jiefang Road and the Changle Road. Besides, the district also has the most number of financial institutions in Shaanxi and even the Northwest; has many renowned primary and secondary schools, as well as more than 50 medical units such as the Xijing Hospital; and has many military-related enterprises and institutions.
Covering an area of 23.36 square kilometers and with a permanent population of 628,900, Beilin district has eight neighborhood committees and 98 communities under its jurisdiction. The name originated from the world famous “Beilin” (Forest of Stone Steles).
Beilin district is abundant in its long history and in its historical sites, including Xi’an Beilin Museum renowned as “a treasure house of stone calligraphy”, the beautifully towering Small Wild Goose Pagoda of the Tang Dynasty(618-907), the city's biggest Taoist Temple of Eight Immortals (Baxian an), the grand and spectacular Ming Dynasty city wall, the Guanzhong Academy(Guangzhong shuyuan), which was Shaanxi’s highest-level education institution of during the Ming and Qing dynasties and one of the four most famous academies of China, as well as other tourist attractions.
Based on its rich history and culture, Beilin district has become the most important base for scientific research and education in Xi’an. In the district there are 17 institutes of higher learning, including Xi’an Jiaotong University and Northwestern Polytechnic University, more than 130 scientific research institutes with over 30,000 all sorts of researchers, and eight national major laboratories. Therefore it has now become a worthy district that excels in science and technology, education, and culture. The development of the animation industry, in particular, and the successful establishment of the animation industrial platform of Shaanxi, the district has become one of the six innovation clusters for the comprehensive reform pilot work of the national service industry, as a result the animation cultural sector has become a new highlight in regional economic development.
The long history and the geological central location have enabled the district to become not only the political, economic and cultural centers of Xi’an, but also the most prosperous business area in the city. The East Street and the South Street are the busiest business streets in Xi’an, with a host of grand and luxurious commercial buildings, famous shops and time-honored stores such as Kaiyuan Shopping Mall, Zhongda International, Paris Spring Department Store, Ginwa, and Changfaxiang, which add unlimited charms to the streets and appeal to the consumers. The featured pedestrian streets and business streets in the area have enabled pedestrians to appreciate various commodities and to experience the charms of the modern metropolis.
Located in the southern part of Xi’an, the district was named after the Pagoda of Giant Wild Goose (Dayan ta), the world famous historical and cultural relic building. Covering an area of 152 square meters, with a permanent population of over 1.23 million, the district has 10 neighborhood committees under its jurisdiction.
Yanta district boasts rich historical remains and abundant cultural resources. As the core area of the capitals of 13 past dynasties, and with its many scenery spots as well as splendid ancient and modern culture, it has become the epitomized area of the famous cultural and tourism city, attracting tens of millions of tourists every year to the district. Yanta is a district that excels in science and education in China with 28 institutes of higher learning, 55 research institutes at provincial level or above and 140,000 talents in different fields, which has provided forceful intellectual and human resource support for the development of the region.
Yanta enjoys evident regional advantages and is full of major resources. It is the provincial and municipal political and cultural center with the provincial leadership institutions and major media located in the district. With the southward expansion of the urban area, the northward movement of Chang’an District as well as the accelerated construction of four national level development zones at the east and west wings, a development pattern has taken form which is supported in the south and the north and driven by the development of the east and the west directions, and the area has therefore become a favored region in terms of technology, talents, capital and information, attracting all major resources.
Based on its profound industrial foundation, Yanta district is developing vigorously. The Xiaozhai Crossing is the busiest crossroad in Northwest China, and with this crossing as the center, a new-type of business cluster has taken form with three horizontal streets and three vertical ones crossing one another. Seventy-four Fortune 500 companies and top 500 Chinese companies, as well as 48 enterprise headquarters have settled down in the district, bringing about a great number of competitive industries ranging from business and commerce culture to modern service and high-end manufacturing, laying a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the district. In recent years, the district has maintained a continuous, rapid and healthy development.
As one of the main urban districts of Xi’an, Baqiao is named after an ancient bridge first built in the Sui Dynasty (581-618) over the Bahe River. It has a total area of 332 square kilometers and a population of over 600,000.
Chinese ancestors set up their habitat beside the water along the Chanhe and the Bahe Rivers more than 6,000 years ago. Within the district there are Remains of Banpo Village, Remains of Laoniupo, the Primary Bridge of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Baling Mausoleum of the Wendi Emperor of the Han Dynasty (206 BC- AD 220), and the Nanling Mausoleum of Empress Dowager Bo, the latter two of which are dubbed as “Oriental Pyramids”.
The topography of the terrain varies. The mountain, the plain, the river basin and the gulley all have their own features, including the world famous White Deer Plain (Bailu yuan) and Hongqingshan Mountain. The forest coverage in the district has reached 43 percent. Of the eight rivers around Chang’an, three bypass the Baqiao region.
Within the Baqiao district, the Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government have established three bureau-level development zones: the Chanba Ecological Zone, the Xi'an International Trade and Logistics Park, and the Xi'an Bahe New Area. The Baqiao district will vigorously develop the five leading industries including commerce and trade, logistics, cultural ecotourism, construction and real estate, and new industry; and further improve regional infrastructure and the living environment.
As the new administration center of Xi’an, Weiyang district covers an area of 262 square kilometers, with 10 neighborhood committees under its jurisdiction. The number of permanent inhabitants of the district is 811,400, with 537,000 people registered at the police. It is named after the Han Dynasty ruins of Weiyang Palace, meaning “endless prosperity”.
Weiyang District boasts peculiar regional advantages. It is at the very center of the “nine-grid pattern” in overall urban planning, the forefront of the integration of the cities of Xi’an and Xianyang, and the core of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Development Zone.
Weiyang district is an ancient capital with over one thousand years of history, and it is also a cultural area in a region where China prospered during its history. With its rich historical remains, the region served as the capital of 11 dynasties for a period of more than 1,200 years. The ruins of Tang Dynasty Daming Palace, Han Dynasty Chang’an City and Qin Dynasty Epang Palace evoke the world's pondering over the ancient glory of China, and the historical ruins shine brightly with modern development.
Weiyang is an area connecting the whole country and opening to the world. Within the area lies the largest high-speed railway station in Asia - Xi’an North Station. Xi’an-Tongchuan Expressway, Xi’an Bypass Expressway, and Airport Lines one and two run across the region.
Weiyang district is an ecological zone with beautiful waterscape, green landscape and vitality. It holds the Hancheng Lake National Water Conservation Scenery Spot, the Weihe River Wetland Park, Weiyang Lake Fairground, and Chanba National Wetland Park.
With a total area of 244.4 square kilometers, Yanliang district has two townships and five neighborhood committees under its jurisdiction. The total population of the district is 300,000.
The district has long historical and cultural deposits as well as peculiar industrial features. It is the site of the historically famous ancient Yueyang City, where the legend has it that the Chinese ancestor Yellow Emperor Xuanyuan cast nine ding tripods to set up his rule over China, and in history the Duke of Xiao of the State of Qin in Warring States Period (475-221 BC) appointed Shang Yang to carry out the reform, which laid the foundation for Qin's unification of China as the very first dynasty of imperial China.
Yanliang is the unique aerotropolis of China, and it is the aviation industrial base which is the biggest in Asia and the only one that integrates aircraft design, R&D, manufacturing, trial flight and appraisal, scientific research and education. Within the area there are large-scale aviation enterprises and institutions such as Xi’an Aviation Corporation, the First Aircraft Design and Research Institute of Air China, and China Flight Test Establishment, etc. More than 30 kinds of military or civil aircrafts including Y20, JH-7, MA 600 and ARJ21 take to the skies from here, the large aircraft project is launched here for R&D and for manufacture, and national aviation hi-tech industrial base is constructed here for further development.
The district also has beautiful urban and rural environment as well as competitive investment conditions. It is the intersection of Xi’an-Hancheng, Xianyang-Tongchuan and Xi’an-Yan’an railways, Beijing-Kunshan expressway runs through the region from the north to the south, and Guanzhong Ring Road and some other highways lead to all directions, Xi'an-Yanliang B Road has been constructed and put into operation, the projects of Guanzhong Intercity Railway and the nonstop expressway from Yanliang to the airport are to be launched.
The district has an important strategic position with a promising future. With the implementation of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone Development Plan and the full-scale construction of Xi’an International Metropolis, Yanliang is determined as the sub-center city of the international metropolis.
Lintong is an ancient magical land with youthful vitality. And from the Zhou, the Qin, the Han to the Tang Dynasty, it always served as part of the capital area, and was thus in the very center of the political, economic and cultural life of the country. As the east gate of the ancient capital of Xi’an, Lintong is 30 kilometers to the city center. Covering a total area of 915 square kilometers and a population of more than 700,000, the district has 23 neighborhood committees and 226 administrative villages under its jurisdiction.
Always bearing the title of “Lintong has the best cultural relics in the world”, the district is the gathering place of numerous cultural relics, with Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Park as the best representative. Up-scale tourism resources have taken form, and they may possibly rank first in the world in terms of their numbers, varieties, levels and compositions. Within the district there are six historical and cultural sites protected at the national level, three at the provincial level, and 57 at the district/county level. The abundant historical and cultural heritages make Lintong a shinning pearl in China’s tourism chain, and a must-see tourism destination for those coming to Shaanxi.
Since the reform and opening-up, Lintong has actively carried out the strategy of tourism-driven development. With the perfecting tourism service functions, related industries are being promoted and further developed. Tourism has become the important pillar industry in the social economic development of Lintong.
Covering a total area of 294 square kilometers and with a population of 351,100, Gaoling district has seven neighborhood committees and 86 village committees under its jurisdiction.
Located in the central part of the Guanzhong Plain of Shaanxi province, Gaoling district is 20 kilometers to either the Bell Tower of Xi’an or Xianyang International Airport, and 7 kilometers to the new administration center of the city. With Xi’an-Tongchuan and Xi’an-Yumenkou expressways running from the north to the south through the region, the totally flat district is a piece of promising land for investment.
Stretching 20.55 kilometers from the south to the north, and 20.1 kilometers from the east to the west, the district is dubbed as “the cabbage core” of the Guanzhong Plain. Gaoling is a piece of flat land, and has always been part of the capital area of the ancient capital Chang’an during the 13 dynasties. From the west to the east the Weihe River runs through the south of the county, zigzagging over 20 kilometers, which is why in ancient times the region was advantageous in river transportation. From the northwest to the southeast the Jinghe River runs into the Weihe River at the northeast of Jingweibu in Jingwei Township, extending 13 kilometers within the county. For a period of over 2,000 years, the region has benefited from the irrigation of the two rivers, and the waters of the two rivers cut the area naturally into three parts.
Ancient cultural relic sites such as Zhaohui Pagoda of the Tang Dynasty, the stone tablet of Li Sheng and the ruins of Dongwei Bridge are scattered in the county. Established in 350 BC, the 12th year of the rule of the Duke of Xiao, Gaoling is one of the earliest counties ever established in the history of the country.
Located in the central part of Guanzhong Plain, Chang’an district stretches 55 kilometers from the south to the north, and 52 kilometers from the east to the west. The district covers an overall area of 1,580 square kilometers. Within its jurisdiction there are different land forms including the mountain, the plain and the highland, 15 rivers including the Chanhe, the Juehe, the Fenghe and the Haohe Rivers run through the region, and the district abounds in water, mineral and wild fauna and flora resources.
Chang’an has a long history. It has been over 2,200 years since it was first established as a country in the fifth year of Emperor Gaozu’s reign in the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), and it served as the capital area of 13 dynasties including the Zhou, the Qin, the Han and the Tang. In September 2002, Chang’an district replaced Chang’an county. Within the district there are 1,288 minority inhabitants from 29 minority groups.
Chang’an district abounds in cultural heritage, and the area is rich in historical sites. There are six historical and cultural sites protected at the national level, seven at the provincial level and 20 at the district/county level. In the district you can find the Neolithic site in Keshengzhuang village, the terrace where Cangjie invented Chinese characters, Fenghao Wenstern Zhou Chariot and Horses Pit, site of Qin Dynasty Epang Palace, Duling Mausoleum of the Han Dynasty, and the ancient gallery road in Ziwu Township. The foot of the northern side of the hundred-kilometer long Qinling Mountain is covered with thriving plants, and serves as the important water source conservation area as well as the ecological screen for Xi’an. Natural sceneries such as the South Wutai Mountain, the Cuihua Mountain, the Jiawutai Peak, and Qinghua Mountain each with their unique beauties win the title of “backyard garden” of Xi’an.
Located in the southwest of Xi’an, leaning against the Qinling Mountains in the south, and close to the Weihe River in the north, Huyi district is one of the three sub-center cities of Xi'an International Metropolis. Under its jurisdiction there are eight townships, six organic towns, one scenic spot administrative bureau, and one neighborhood committee. The total area of the county is 1,282 square kilometers and the population is 600,000.
Huyi district boasts abundant historical deposits, and it was the capital during the reign of King of Wen of the Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century - 256 BC) and served as part of the capital area during the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Tang (618-907) dynasties.
Huyi district boasts abundant tourism resources, and a few tourism routes have taken form, with Caotang Temple and Guifeng Mountain as the major scenic spots; the recreation and holiday ecological tourism ring route including Gaoguan Waterfalls, Zhuque and Taiping National Forest Parks, Huayangyu Valley, Jinlongxia Gorge, Egu Springs, and the Peony Park. The cultural tourism, north Weihe modern agricultural, recreational and sight-seeing ring route encompass the Peasant Painting Museum, Donghan Village Peasant Painting Society and Chongyang Palace as major destinations. Huyi district is rated as the first batch of strong tourism county of Shaanxi province, the top ten most attractive key tourism counties of Shaanxi province and the most charming cultural and ecological tourism counties of China.
Beside the Qinling Mountain in the south, close to the Weihe River in the north, cloaked by the mountains and girded by the river, Zhouzhi county received its name after the many mountains and rivers, and it has always beared the good reputation of the “golden Zhouzhi”. Within the county, you can find the birthplace of Taoist culture, that is, Louguantai, known as the “No 1 place of happiness”, you can also find Xianyou Temple, the place where the poem Everlasting Regret (Changhen ge) was composed by Bai Juyi (772-846), the largest botanical garden of the world, Qinling National Botanical Garden, and the highest peak in the Qinling Mountains - the Taibai Mountain, which is covered by snow even in July. Zhouzhi county is the largest Kiwi fruit production base in the country, the biggest water supply base of Xi’an and a national ecological demonstration county. With a total area of 2,974 square kilometers and a population of 680,000, the country has one neighborhood committee, 19 townships and 264 administrative villages under its jurisdiction.
Agricultural resources: a development pattern has basically been formed where the south part of the county develops the tourism and sight-seeing industry along the mountain range, the central region develops into a kiwi fruit economic belt while the north part plants vegetables and flowers to develop suburban agriculture. Kiwi planting is the pillar industry in the county, and with a planting area of 8666.7 hectares (130,000 mu), Zhouzhi has become the largest kiwi fruit planting base in the country and the only kiwi standard management demonstration county.
Tourism resources: Zhouzhi is with a long history and its landscape surpasses all others and ranks first in central Shaanxi. With the beautiful mountains and rivers, the county is full of natural sceneries and historical sites as well as many cultural relic ruins. It is abundant in cultural and natural sceneries, and in many places you can find the Han Dynasty resort palaces or the Tang Dynasty imperial gardens. The Louguantai Terrace is the birthplace of the Taoist culture and the site where Lao Tsu lectured his Tao Teh King, and people usually call it the “No 1 place of happiness”. It is now a national level key scenery spot with more than 60 historical sites. Beside the Heishui River you can find Xianyou Temple, where the eternal masterpiece Everlasting Regret was written. You can also find Fawang Pagoda, a key cultural relic under state protection, which is renowned all over the world for the excavation of the Sui Dynasty Buddhist Relics. The peak of Qinling Mountain, the Taibai Mountain, covered with snow even in July, is 3,767 meters above sea level, where you can find the old-growth forest, the magic and beautiful mountain lakes, many kinds of rare animals, which wins for it the titles of “the north Xishuangbanna” and “the zoological and botanical garden of Asia” .
The Jixian Industrial Park has further completed its infrastructure. South Jicai Road (phase II) and the North Zhenxing Road (phase II) in the park have been completed, and standard plant building are now under construction. A total of 52 enterprises have settled down in the park.
Geological Location: Lantian County is located at the north foot of the Qinling Mountains, and the southeast part of the Guanzhong Plain. Being the suburban county of Xi’an, Lantian was in ancient times on the thoroughfare between the states of Qin and Chu, and is one of the roads linking the central Shaanxi to provinces in the southeast. Lantian has an advantageous regional location, very convenient transportation and is within the half-hour metropolitan living circle of Xi’an. The direct distance from the county to the urban area of Shaanxi is only 22 kilometers.
Administrative division: the county has 18 townships, nine neighborhood committees and 337 village committees under its jurisdiction.
Population & dimension: the population of the county totals 656,049 (agricultural population is 470,949) of 191,773 households. The total area covers 2,006 square kilometers, accounting for 19.9 percent of the total dimension of Xi’an.
History & culture: Lantian is one of the places where ancestors of human beings originate and one of the earliest cradles of the Chinese civilization. The world renowned Lantian Jade is among the “top four famous jades” of China. According to the Rites of Zhou, “Lan (blue) is the color of beautiful jades”, hence the county name Lantian (lit. blue field). In ancient times it belonged to the capital area, and the county was first established in the 23rd year (379 BC) of the reign of King of An of the Zhou Dynasty, and it has a history of over 2,300 years by now.
Natural landscape: Lantian is endowed with beautiful natural sceneries, and is one of the major tourism area in the northern foot of the Qinling tourism belt. The county abounds in tourism resources, where mountains are gorgeous and the waters beautiful, the plains elegant and the ranges stretching wide, and with the splendid natural sceneries there are a large number of cultural and natural scenic spots, including the world renowned Lantian Ape Man ruins at Gongwangling, Shuilu’an Temple which bears the name of “the second Dunhuang” with its treasure of wall sculptures, and the Buddhist Wuzhen Temple, which is the holy land of the Buddhist Pure Land Sect and the temple was built during the Sui and Tang dynasties (581-907), the tomb of Cai Wenji, a talented woman of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), the underground magic palace of Wangchuan Carst Cave, the villa ruins of Wang Wei the great Tang poet, the attractive Tangquan Lake, and the Wangshun Mountain National Forest Park which not only bears the precipitous features of Mount Huashan but also the charms of Mount Huangshan.
Mineral resources: Lantian abounds in mineral resources, and is famed far and near as "the home of beautiful jades". Thirty-eight minerals were found in the county, of which 17 are metals including gold, silver, lead, and molybdenum, and over 20 different non-metal ores including granite, marble, kaolin clay and limestone. Lantian Jade is ranked one of the “top four beautiful jades” of China, and is listed into the first place of origin protection jade product. There are 17 proved mineral springs and five geotherm spots, Tangyu hot spring has been explored from the Tang Dynasty until today, and all of these spots have been widely explored.